History History

 The Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries has been founded in 1930 as the first national institution for sea research. This project of founding the Institute was very seriously taken into consideration so the plan was completed in 10 years. For the first director of the Institute on the international level was chosen norvegean professor dr.Hjalmar Broch. Prof. Broch transfered from Oslo to Split to organize scientific work based on norvegean experience in the Split Institute. He also establish

ed three main aims of the Institute:

    • pure scientific research
    • application of scientific results in order to improve fishery development
    • educate young scientists and act on common people

    After Prof. H. Broch left the Institute, there was already formed a group of young scientists who went to specialise abroad (France, Germany, Denmark). The Institute was run by scientific Council that consisted of few famous scientists (Stankovic, Vouk, DJordjevic i Hadzi). At that time was initiated sistematic research in the field (sea) and 4 Oceanographic stations on the Adriatic Coast.

    Although, with lower intensity, the Institute worked during the Second World War. After the War, Prof. Soljan acted as director of the Institute and initiated one of the most active and successful periods in the history of Institute. The most important enterprise realised in the Institute was the "Hvar" Expedition (1948-49) that according to its size and collected data represents even today unique accomplishment in Oceanography of the Adriatic. The first, and afterwards regular, monthly measurements and collecting of samples on profile Split-Gargano started at that time and hasn't been interrupted up to now.

    During the 60's the Institute took active part in different international expeditions and began with monthly measurements of primary production (method C14) in the coastal and open sea in the middle Adriatic.

    The 70's are marked by one new activity that stresses interests of the coastal urbanisation. Therefore, polluted parts needed immediate ecological programs, such as monitoring program (named "VIR KONAVLE") of the sea quality of Dalmatian coastal area.

    At the beginning of 80's starts the International Summer School with theme "Fisheries Educational Centre for Undeveloped Countries" that existed from 1981 to 1990 i.e. the beginning of the War. Split Aquarium that existed within Institute got closed and the hatchery has been opened. Contemporaneously, the Institute Computer center got equipped with intention to establish the Central Data base for the Adriatic.

    The main characteristic of 90's is significant staff change in the Institute when many young scientists were employed, what gave a strong impulse to scientific activity of the Institute. Furthermore, the teaching activites grew due to fact that Institute, for University of Split, organised lectures for the Department of Maritime Studies. At the end of 90's National monitoring program "JADRAN" was initiated and involved many international scientific and expert institutions, but the main leading part took the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries in Split.